Perini Shivatandavam or Perini Thandavam is an ancient dance form from South India which has been revived in recent times. It originated and prospered in Andhra Pradesh during the Kakatiya dynasty.Perini is performed by males and it is believed that in ancient times this was performed before the soldiers set to war. Nataraja Ramakrishna was the person who revived this art form recently.
The Perini Thandavam is a dance form usually performed by males. It is called ‘Dance of Warriors’. Warriors before leaving to the battlefield enact this dance before the idol of Lord Shiva. The dance form, Perini, reached its pinnacle during the rule of the ‘Kakatiyas’ who established their dynasty at Warangal and ruled for almost two centuries.
The Perini Thandavam, Andhra Pradesh It is believed that this dance form invokes ‘Prerana’ (inspiration) and is dedicated to supreme dancer, Lord Shiva. One can find evidence of this dance in the sculptures of the Ramappa Temple at Warangal.
Perini is a vigorous dance done to the resounding beats of drums. Dancers drive themselves to a state of mental abstraction where they feel the power of Shiva in their body. While dancing they invoke Shiva to come into him and dance through him. The Perini Thandavam is indeed believed to be the most invigorating and intoxicating male dance form.
Perini dance form almost disappeared after the decline of the Kakatiya dynasty but Dr. Nataraja Ramakrishna father of Andhra Natyam brought renaissance in Perini dance, which was on verge of extinction.
Nataraja RamaKrishna,Condolence message
We can never forget the Great Personolity who in Telugu Dance,Inventor of Perini Dance,His research and re invented Perini dance form.
Nataraja Ramakrishna (31 March 1923 – 7 June 2011) was a dance guru from Andhra Pradesh, India. He was the chairman of Andhra Pradesh Sangeeta Nataka Academy, a dance artist, guru, scholar, and musicologist who propagated classical dance in Andhra Pradesh for 60 years.
He was the architect of the revival of the Andhra Natyam dance form, a devotional temple dance tradition performed in Andhra Pradesh for over 400 years until virtually extinct.
Over his long career he trained many dancers and wrote and choreographed highly acclaimed dance dramas. As a research scholar sponsored by the Government of India, he worked in the then USSR (Russia) and France to propagate Indian dance art, making a comparative study of Indian and western Classical and folk dances.
He wrote more than 40 books, many of them highly awarded, and his contribution to the art of dance is widely recognized. With his innumerable performances, lecture demonstrations and through his extensive travels he created an awareness not only of Kuchipudi dance, but also revived the lost and forgotten dance forms of Andhra Pradesh
It is believed that they were originally Brahmins, practicing Hindu religion (as per Sthala Purana of Amaravathi. Some rulers like Maharaja Satakarni are believed to have performed Vedic sacrifices as well.
They were not only worshipers of Vishnu and Shiva but also respected Buddha, but also other incarnations of, Gauri, Indra, the sun and moon.They were mostly Buddhistic Vaishnavites. Under their reign,
Buddha had been worshiped as a form of Vishnu in Amaravati
By Mrs. B. Atchamamba. pp.355; 7 plates. Madras, 1901..
Second book, Guyudu. Satkathamanjari. [Mythological tales in verse] . . . By G. Atchamamba,
with a preface by G. Vasudeva Sastri.. Cocanad a, 1907.
Third book Sree Syamantakamani. A Telugu drama by G. Atchamamba [on the legend of the jewel
obtained by Krishna and given by him to Satrajit in return for the hand of the latter’s daughter Satya-bhama (Bhagavata Purana. x. 56-7)], with an introduction by G. Vasudevasastri. Cocanada, 1906.
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